Australia can be said to be a continent by itself. It is about three million square miles and roughly the same size as the continental United States. Sydney is its largest city of 4.9 million inhabitants, with Melbourne a close second of 4.5 million people. The capital of Australia remains Canberra. The Australia climate is mild along its coast, but dry inland. Most of the Australian populace lives by the coast, due mainly to the favourable temperatures.
The aborigines are original inhabitors of Australia. However, in 1770 when Captain Cook landed on the Australian shores he claimed it for the British Empire. The first British colony was set-up in New South Wales. Most of the then colonists were convicted criminals sent away from Great Britain. But in 1851 the quest for gold made it a destination for immigrants seeking fortune and start in life.
Far up north along the coast, Australia is home to the Great Barrier Reef. A world heritage site, a dream come true for water enthusiasts. The plethora of plant life is mind blowing, a diver’s paradise for some. Be careful, though, as the Great White Shark patrols this area.
Australia is a member of the Commonwealth nations. Its form of government is similar to the United States. However, individual territories still retain a significant autonomy. It has a growing population of just over 24 million. With no official language, its default language is English (Australian English, a distinct hybrid), spoken by about 81 % of the population. Christian’s make-up 60 % of the Nation, even though it is a secular State.
Australia is traditionally considered the forgotten country. Efficient long-distance transportation and with some of its cities consistently ranking in the top 10 cities in the world. It just might be moving away from its dodgy past to becoming a top tourist destination.